Below is a list of resources compiled by Honey Bee Watch on the topics of free-living (aka "wild" or "feral") honey bees, sustainable beekeeping, natural/bee-centric beekeeping, treatment-free beekeeping, and more.

If you have any recommended references or sources, please email us at

IUCN Red List status for Apis mellifera
De la Rúa, P.; Paxton, R.J.; Moritz, R.F.A.; Roberts, S.; Allen, D.J.; Pinto, M.A.; Cauia, E.; Fontana, P.; Kryger, P.; Bouga, M.; Buechler, R.; Costa, C.; Crailsheim, K.; Meixner, M.; Siceanu, A. & Kemp, J.R.
Honey Bees in the Wild, Part 1: "What Can We Learn from Them?"
Roger Patterson, National Honey Show 2017
Website to share stories and projects about free-living honey bees
Research Paper

A Plea for Use of Honey Bees’ Natural Resilience in Beekeeping 
Blacquière, T. et al., 2018
Private Facebook group connected by the practice of and interest in Zeidlerei, aka tree beekeeping
Dr. Margarita López-Uribe, Alternative Beekeeping Conference 2019
Dr. Przemysław Nawrocki, Learning from the Bees | Berlin 2019 conference
Article (download)

Free-Living Colonies: Trick or Treat?
Dall'Olio, R. & Garrido, C., Bee World vol 98, 2020
Article (download)

Comparative monitoring of free-living honey bee colonies in three Western European regions
Lang, U., Albouy, V. & Zewen, C., Natural Bee Husbandry #23, 2022
Article (download)

Feral Honey Bees in Baja, California
Licón Luna, R.M., Natural Bee Husbandry #19, 2021
Preserving and protecting honey bees through rewilding
Rewilding Honeybees short documentary by Cameron Nielson
Honey bee conservation and the reforestation of a 25-acre pine monoculture in Central Portugal
Sustainable beekeeping in North Hampshire, UK, emphasizing hives with minimal intervention

Honey bee conservation and rewilding through habitat creation, education, and advocacy.

Bractwo Bartne
Tree hive construction, installation, maintenance, workshops, and education in Poland's Augustow Primeval Forest.


Project Director: Steve Rogenstein at The Ambeessadors
Science Director: Arrigo Moro at University of Galway

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